Expropriation

In feudal England no one owned land except the Crown.  A lord held land from the Crown, subject to certain rights and duties.  So long as the lord performed his duties, he and his heirs continued to hold the land. Following confederation in the British Empire and under British Common Law, the Government of Canada…

Prime Farmland

In the 1960s, the Government of Canada realized the importance of mapping the country for resource management. The resulting Canada Land Inventory (CLI) is a multi-disciplinary land inventory of rural Canada. According to the CLI, there are seven classes of land denoting suitability for agriculture: Class 1 is the most suitable for agriculture; Class 7 is…

Marijuana/Cannabis

Currently cannabis, aka marijuana, is legal in Canada only for medicinal purposes and only under conditions outlined in the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR).[1] issued by Health Canada. In 2015, Justin Trudeau, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, committed to legalizing cannabis for personal use.  Today Canada’s federal government is working on the…

Soil and Us

Do We Appreciate Soil? The earth’s soil provides nearly all of our food, can prevent disease and contains nearly one-third of all living organisms. Soil cleans the water flowing into our rivers and lakes. It absorbs vast quantities of carbon, second only to the oceans. It is interesting to note a mere 0.5 percent of…

Farm Fragmentation

Farm fragmentation is defined as the division of a farmer’s land into a collection of scattered lots. Much of the fragmentation resulted from inheritance — splitting up the farm between family members. Over the years large acreages have become smaller and smaller, and so today’s farmers own or leasing multiple properties that are non-contiguous.  Fragmentation has spread…

GMOs

“To GMO or not GMO?” that is the Question Well actually the first question is “What is a GMO?” GMO stands for “genetically modified organism”.  Scientists have identified individual genes in living organisms (bacterium, plants, viruses, animals, insects, etc.) and are currently experimenting by splicing genes to cultivate preferred traits in the subject. For instance…

Pesticides & Herbicides

Why Do Farmers Use Pesticides? First, let’s define “pesticides”: Pesticides are “chemical substances used to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate any pest ranging from insects (i.e., insecticides), rodents (i.e., rodenticides) and weeds (herbicides) to microorganisms (i.e., algicides, fungicides or bactericides).”  (source) Farmers can combat pests in many ways: staggered harvest schedules with long-short intervals, harvesting…